Much of the research is field-based, focused on excavation, sampling, and mapping of the mammoth bones and their geologic and paleoecologic context. This produces large numbers of specimens, samples, field logs, photographs, and survey data that need to be processed, analyzed, preserved, and archived in the laboratory, spawning a number of laboratory-based research projects for teachers and students.

Some of the research questions to be answered during work at the Coyote Canyon Mammoth Site include: