Coyote Canyon Camel Bone Site

The Coyote Canyon Camel Bone Site is on the same property as the mammoth site.

The MCBONES Research Center Foundation oversees research and education at the site.


DISCOVERY

In April 2011, during site reconnaissance following a work party at the Coyote Canyon Mammoth Site, Bill Mauldin noticed a piece of bone in the wall of an excavation cut, approximately 300 meters west of the mammoth site.

CCCBS_Discovery_1

CCCBS_Discovery_2

Follow up excavation by Bax R. Barton revealed that it was an isolated bone.

CCCBS_Discovery_3

BONE ELEMENT AND SPECIES IDENTIFICATION

The bone was identified (Adams, et al. 2017) as a partial right metatarsal cannon bone (rear foot bone) of a Camelops hestemus (“Yesterdays Camel”).

Radiocarbon analysis yielded a calibrated age of about 25,360 +/- 145 calBP (calibrated years before present).

CCCBS_Bone_Detail
A - cross-section of bone
B, C, D, E - four side views of bone
F - x-ray image of bone cross-section

GEOLOGY

The bone was recovered from a sequence of fine-grained Ice Age flood deposits.

CCCBS_Stratigraphy


Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) analysis of a sample collected ~50 cm below the bone, yielded an age of 16,480 +/- 2,440 years ago.

Since the age of the bone appears to be nearly 9,000 years older than the sediments it was found in, this suggests that the bone was ripped up from its previous burial place and redeposited by the Ice Age floods (Adams, et al. 2017).


PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH

Betty Adams, Bax Barton, and others presented the poster "A Late Ice Age Camel From The Coyote Canyon/South Hill-Mauldin Site, Benton County, Washington" at the 129th Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America in Seattle, Washington on October 22-25, 2017.

CCCBS_Bax_Betty_GSA2017
Bax Barton (left) and Betty Adams (right) at GSA 2017


The authors concluded that their modest record of Camelops hestemus provides initial documentation of a 14C/AMS dated specimen of Yesterday's Camel from the Columbia Plateau of western North America.



Coyote Canyon Camel Bone Site Research Bibliography

Adams, B. L., B. R. Barton, G. C. Kleinknecht, G. V. Last, B. Mauldin, Bill, K. Mauldin, C. J. Austin, K. Detrick, and N. Mara. 2017. A Late Ice Age Camel From The Coyote Canyon/South Hill-Mauldin Site, Benton County, Washington. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 49, No. 6. doi: 10.1130/abs/2017AM-305131