Between 2011 and 2015, an average of more than 96 students (from 10 different K-12 schools and colleges) and an average of more than 32 different teachers (from more than seven separate K-12 schools and colleges) have participated in field, laboratory, and/or classroom activities at the Coyote Canyon Mammoth Site (and other sites) each year.

Although much of the student and teacher participations were one-time or infrequent visits (such as field trips), returning teachers and students have annually participated on average, more than 6 and 13 days, respectively.

These participations have resulted in the completion of several high school culminating projects, undergraduate internship posters and abstracts, as well as poster and oral presentations (with abstracts published) at regional (e. g. Northwest Scientific Association) and national (e. g. Geological Society of America, American Quaternary Association) meetings.

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Students, Teachers, and Scientists work side by side to excavate the Coyote Canyon Mammoth Site.
(Photo courtesy of George Last)


While excavation and recovery of mammoth bones draws teacher and student interest, the detailed laboratory study and analysis of the bones in context with the geologic and other paleoecologic data provides sustainable long term insight into the technologies and scientific methods used to address many kinds of problems.